A Maryland judge ruled on Friday that Democrats in the state drew an “extreme gerrymander” and rejected the state’s new congressional map, the first time this round of Democratic-drawn district redistricting has been defeated before a tribunal.
Anne Arundel County Circuit Court Senior Judge Lynne A. Battaglia’s ruling found that the map drawn by Democrats had “constitutional flaws” and ignored requirements to focus on “compactness” and to keep similar communities together.
“All of the testimony in this case supports the idea that the voice of Republican voters has been diluted and their right to vote and be heard with the effectiveness of a Democratic voter has been diminished,” Judge Battaglia wrote. in his opinion.
The map of Congress drawn by the Democrats would most likely have guaranteed them at least seven of Maryland’s eight House seats, or 87% of the state’s seats. President Biden carried Maryland with 65% of the vote in 2020.
Judge Battaglia ordered the General Assembly to redraw the map by March 30, an extremely tight deadline for a complicated process that often takes weeks, and she set a hearing for the new map for April 1. This year, the Maryland Court of Appeals moved the state’s primary election from June 28 to July 19 due to ongoing legal challenges to the new map.
What you need to know about redistricting
Democrats across the country have taken a far more aggressive approach to this redistricting round than in the past, seeking to counter what they have long denounced as extreme Republican gerrymanders of the 2010 cycle. that year helped the party maintain power in the House of Representatives despite a Democratic presidential victory in 2012.
Democratic state legislatures in New York, Illinois and Oregon drew new maps this year that would have given them a significant advantage over Republicans — and congressional delegations at odds with the overall partisan tilt of each state.
Rather than seek to aggressively add new seats this cycle, Republicans, for the most part, have sought to consolidate their prior advantages in gerrymandered maps in states like Texas and Georgia, suppressing competition and consolidating Democrats into deeply blue districts.
Maryland’s decision comes as state courts have become a central battleground for parties and voters to challenge cards as partisan gerrymanders, after a 2019 Supreme Court ruling that partisan gerrymandering does not could not be challenged at the federal level. This year, state courts in Ohio and North Carolina dismissed the maps drawn by lawmakers as unconstitutional gerrymanders.
Gov. Larry Hogan of Maryland, a Republican whose veto on the map was overridden by the Democratic-controlled legislature, welcomed the decision and called on the General Assembly to adopt a map drawn by an independent commission he has created.
“This decision is a monumental victory for every Marylander who cares about protecting our democracy, ensuring the fairness of our elections, and putting the people back in control,” Hogan said in a statement.
How Redistricting Works in the United States
What is redistricting? It is the redrawing of the boundaries of congressional and state legislative districts. This happens every 10 years, after the census, to reflect population changes.
The office of Brian Frosh, attorney general of Maryland and Democrat, said it is reviewing the decision and has not yet decided whether to appeal.
Fair Maps Maryland, a Republican-aligned group that has backed contesting districts in the state, celebrated the decision in a statement.
“To call it a big deal would be the understatement of the century,” said Doug Mayer, a spokesperson for the group. “Judge Battaglia’s ruling confirms what we’ve all known for years – Maryland is ground zero for gerrymandering, our districts and political reality smack of it, and there’s plenty of evidence that it’s happening.”
The decision was also welcomed by outside groups who have sought to overhaul the country’s redistricting process.
“The Maryland Congressional map is a classic example of extreme partisan gerrymandering, and the court is right to drop it,” Joshua Graham Lynn, chief executive of RepresentUs, a bipartisan voting rights group, said in a statement. communicated. “We’ve seen this redistricting cycle time and time again: when politicians from either party control the making of the maps, they’re going to rig the districts to lock in as much power as possible.”
Alyce McFadden contributed reporting. Susan C. Beachy contributed to the research.